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To charge an automotive battery, refer to your owner’s manual and your battery charger manual for instructions. Read and follow all safety and handling instructions that came with your charger and battery. Battery chargers will charge a battery based on its condition and at a rate appropriate for its state of charge. Charging voltages run from 13.8 volts to a maximum of 15.5 volts for most applications. Finally, remember that batteries contain sulfuric acid that can cause severe burns, and hydrogen-oxygen gases that can be explosive. Charge in a well-ventilated area. Be sure to follow all safety and handling.
Charging should never occur without vent caps. In general, vent caps should always remain tightly in place and in a level position.
There are several key factors you should consider. If you are unsure of the requirements in any of these areas, check your vehicle owner’s manual or ask your mechanic about the original equipment manufacturer’s recommendations for:

Technology Type
Battery group size
Cold cranking amps (CCA)
Reserve capacity (RC)

Find the right battery for your vehicle with our Battery Finder. Consult a replacement guide to ensure that the replacement battery fit properly (with the correct clearance) under the hood or trunk lid.

Starting, Lighting, Ignition (SLI) – These batteries deliver a large burst of power for a short time as needed for normal engine starting. The battery is then recharged by the alternator. Unlike a deep-cycle battery, starting batteries are not designed to withstand multiple discharge/recharge cycles, and draining it can significantly shorten its life.

Deep-Cycle – These batteries are designed to provide a steady amount of current over a long period of time. Deep-cycle batteries can be repeatedly discharged and recharged without causing damage or shortening their life. They are well-suited to power numerous electronics and plug-in accessories, or other applications that place high demands on them.

Some deep-cycle batteries can be used for engine starting as well (these are sometimes referred to as dual-purpose), but be sure to check the CCA rating to ensure the battery has sufficient starting power.

Check your battery every now and then to make sure the battery terminal connections are clean, snug and protected from the elements. Signs of corrosion or leaks could mean that the battery is no longer operating optimally.

Secure the hold-down bar. This ensures that your battery is snugly seated and will help minimize vibration which can be detrimental to certain types of batteries.

Routinely test your battery to make sure it is correctly charged. This allows you to recharge your battery, if needed, to maintain its peak performance. It’s important for your battery’s health to get it tested at least once a year to keep it at its optimal performance level.

If storing your vehicle or battery for an extended period of time, aim to keep the battery charged at full capacity throughout the storage period. You can do this by using a battery maintainer – a device that will monitor your battery and keep it at full capacity during storage. If it is not possible to use a battery maintainer, you should fully charge the battery prior to storage and then disconnect it from the vehicle to prevent small electrical drains (such as in-car clocks, security systems and so on) from draining it. Check the battery voltage periodically and recharge it if it falls below 12.6 volts.
Under normal conditions the battery should not require adding water during its life. Certain circumstances, however, such as a charging system failure or extreme high temperatures for an extended length of time, can cause the electrolyte level to drop. Should these occur, take the battery to a mechanic or an auto service professional to determine if it needs water.

Note: There is no free electrolyte in a VRLA (Valve Regulated Lead-Acid) battery. No effort should be made to test or adjust its electrolyte level.

The term sulfation describes the accumulation and growth of lead sulfate crystals inside the plates when a battery is in a discharged state for an extended period of time. Sulfation begins as soon as voltage level gets too low which, in the case of a 12-volt battery, is below 12.6 volts. If the crystals are not recharged, they eventually combine to form larger crystals. These bigger crystals are harder to dissolve and recharge, and eventually they lead to battery failure by disrupting the plate structure. Sulfation decreases battery performance by blocking the chemical reaction that allows the battery to hold its charge.

Sulfation can be reversed by using a charger that has a de-sulfating mode, which will slowly dissolve the lead sulfate crystals and recharge them back to active material.

This test must be run with the battery in a high state of charge with a true load (carbon pile) and not one of the hand-held testers that work off a conductance algorithm. To pass a load test, the battery must maintain 9.6 volts for 15 seconds when tested at one-half the CCA rating and 70°F (or above).
Varta , Optima,Victron energy, Us Batteries, Global, ceil, ctek, fulmen,
Yes contact our team of experts for more advice.
Yes contact our team of experts with your request.
No, this will not harm your electrical system in any way.
Yes, it can be used for the storage of electrical current.
Start-stop technology always referred to as ‘idle stop & go’ or ‘micro hybrid’ is vehicle technology used to conserve fuel by automatically switching the engine off every time the vehicle comes to a stop. Unlike a regular battery which simply supplies a large current to turn the starter motor, a start-stop battery has enhanced cyclic performance which has the ability to discharge and recharge many times. therefore the stop/start battery continues to power the ancillary systems such as lights, air conditioning and in-car entertainment even when the engine is in the off or in idle position. Many cars also have brake regeneration systems, allowing energy created when the brakes are applied to be stored in the battery for later use.
Yes but to a limited degree.
Positive to positive and negative to negative on both cars.
No – Deep cycle batteries are charged and recharged which is a cycle. A Starter lighting and Ignition battery only provides current for a short period of time and can not be charged.
Most modern vehicles require uninterrupted power or the electronic memory may be erased.
It last as long as the number of cycles the battery is rated on.
It depends on the climatic conditions experienced by the owner, generally batteries functioning in hot climates do not last as long as batteries functioning in cold climates.
Japanese International Standard
Material Safety Data Sheet – Yes
It not only drains at night, it will drain whenever there is a parastaltic drain on the battery. This occurs when the vehicle is switched off.
Do not leave the battery in a discharged state and do not discharge the battery below the specified depth of discharge.  Always ensure that the clamps to the battery are tight.
The reserve capacity stated on the battery will indicate this.
This means that the battery casing has been designed in such a manner that the cell groups are fitted into a groove that holds them together and limits the lateral movement when the battery is shaken due to road surfaces that are uneven.
While solar comprises of a diverse suite of technologies, there are three main types: photovoltaics (PV), solar heating & cooling (SHC) and concentrating solar power (CSP). Homeowners and businesses interested in going solar are primarily interested in the first two technologies, while utilities and large-scale energy project developers primarily utilize the latter.
PV panels directly produce electricity from sunlight, while SHC technologies use thermal (heat) energy to change the temperature of water and air. PV panels have no moving parts, and use an inverter to change the direct current (DC) power they produce to usable alternating current (AC) power. SHC technologies are often used to heat water for domestic or commercial use, but can also be used to heat or cool the air in buildings.

Most concentrating solar power systems use concentrated sunlight to drive a traditional steam turbine, creating electricity on a large scale. There are also concentrating solar technologies that use photovoltaic technology to produce electricity without a thermal process.

Photovoltaic panels can use direct or indirect sunlight to generate power, though they are most effective in direct sunlight. Solar panels will still work even when the light is reflected or partially blocked by clouds. Rain actually helps to keep your panels operating efficiently by washing away any dust or dirt. If you live in an area with a strong net metering policy, energy generated by your panels during sunny hours will offset energy that you use at night and other times when your system isn’t operating at full capacity.
The current national average of homes powered by a MW of solar photovoltaics is 164.
However, the average number of homes powered per MW of PV varies from area to area due to a number of factors including:

– average sunshine (also called insolation)
– average household electricity consumption
– temperature and wind

The average number of homes powered per MW of PV for a given area is simply the quotient of the average PV system performance estimate and the average annual household consumption.

Solar panels are flat panels of photovoltaic arrays mounted on a roof or a pole to capture the sun’s rays. Building integrated photovoltaic materials are PV arrays that are integrated into the building material itself, primarily windows, roof tiles, or walls. Solar panels work well for retrofits or remodels while BIPV are appropriate for new construction or a major renovation.
It depends, in part, on how much electricity you use and how efficient the appliances that you operate are. That said expect to generate excess electricity in the summer (when days are long) which can potentially offset the energy you use from the grid in the winter. A combination of energy efficient appliances and light bulbs can help reduce your homes energy bill by over two-thirds.
While both types of solar systems capture energy from the sun, solar photovoltaic systems use photovoltaic panels to produce electricity. Solar hot water, or thermal, systems capture sunlight to heat water for domestic use, to heat a swimming pool, or for a radiant heating system.
Absolutely! Radiant heating applies solar thermal technology. Transferring solar energy through pipes into an under floor radiant heating system is a wonderful way to stay warm. Radiant floor systems are typically 40 percent more efficient than their forced air counterpart and can be zoned to match thermal comfort to each room.

Solar (photovoltaic) energy panels require little maintenance – no need to wash or dust. It is, however, important to place panels where they will remain clear of shade and debris or you will need to wipe them off if too much snow or leaves fall on them.

Solar hot water collection arrays don’t need much attention either. It does help to periodically use a window wash brush, biodegradable soap, and water to clean the tubes.

Planning, configuring, and doing any custom ordering for your solar energy system can take up to a few weeks. However, the installation process itself can typically be completed in only a few days and in many cases even less.
Energy efficiency is about using electricity and natural gas more effectively to get the most for your money while maintaining the same comfort and performance levels. Energy is wasted every day in homes without anyone knowing it. By installing energy efficient lighting and appliances you can stop the waste and save money. Consumers Energy rebates will even help you save on upfront costs.
An energy efficient home costs less to run because you have lower utility bills every month. All it takes is a simple action such as switching to a compact fluorescent light bulb (CFL) or putting in an ENERGY STAR® appliance and you can save energy and money for years to come. Plus, you’ll be helping support the environment.
Energy storage is needed on an industrial or grid scale for three main reasons.
– “Balance Load” – to shift energy consumption into the future, often by several hours – so that more existing generating capacity is used efficiently.
– “Bridge” power – in other words, to ensure there is no break in service during the seconds-to-minutes required to switch from one power generation source to another.
–  Power quality management – the control of voltage and frequency to avoid damaging sensitive equipment – is an increasing concern that storage can alleviate whenever needed, for a few seconds or less, many times each day.
Yes, energy storage systems are “fuel neutral.” Whether electricity is generated from oil, gas, coal, nuclear, wind, solar, geothermal, or other sources, energy storage captures excess electricity at high efficiencies for optimal use during outages, peak hours, or whenever effective grid management is a challenge.
Energy that is produced from rapidly replenishable or infinite sources such as the sun, wind and water is considered renewable. Electricity generated from renewable sources has a lower impact on public health and the environment than that produced from fossil fuel and nuclear resources for many reasons, including:

1) It emits little or no air emissions;
2) It does not produce harmful radioactive waste;
3) Its fuel sources do not need to be mined or extracted from the earth.

In this FAQ we capitalize the term New Energy for emphasis, so that it will not be confused with the general expression “new energy,” which depends on one’s perspective about what is “new.” New Energy is the term applied to new sources of energy that are currently not recognized as feasible by the “scientific establishment,” but for which compelling evidence— and in some cases overwhelming evidence— exists in at least three categories:

1. New hydrogen physics energy (a.k.a. “cold fusion,” more generally Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions or LENR, “hydrino” physics, and other water-based energy sources)— energy release far beyond the normal chemical energy of hydrogen-oxygen combustion (up to millions of times beyond).

2. Vacuum energy (Zero Point Energy or “ZPE,” Aether energy, or Space energy)— descriptions of vast energy sources from the vacuum state.

3. Environmental energy, i.e. energy from sensible thermal energy (in particular, the energy of molecular motion), through significant extensions to the Second Law of Thermodynamics— the supposedly “impossible” extraction of energy from a single temperature reservoir.

The end user takes the battery back to where they purchased it from and the re-seller will test the battery to determine if the warranty is applicable.
Yes we do supply in remote areas, please go to our Branch Locator and find the our nearest branch.
Yes send your details along with what your expectations are to Deltec Head office –